The "work for hire" doctrine is applicable to copyrights and mask works. The doctrine is also applicable to patents as long as it is agreed in the work rules or employment agreement that the work for hire patents are inherently owned by the employer in advance. Employees must be reasonably compensated by an employer for the work for hire patents, patent assignments or grant of an exclusive license. The law does not provide the compensation figures but certain factors to be taken into consideration are provided and the amount must be reasonable. For copyrights, a work must be made public under the name of an employer except for computer program related copyrights.
Even if an employer did not provide that patents created by employees are inherently owned by the employer from the moment of their creation in the work rules or employment agreement, statutes give an employer a right that is similar to a shop right within the scope of a non-exclusive license. This only applies to patents.