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  • Legal system, currency, language

    Constitutional and civil law with certain application of case law. Pesos (ARS). Spanish.

     

  • Corporate presence requirements & payroll set-up

    A foreign entity cannot hire employees in Argentina without a local corporate presence.

    Employers must pay social security contributions (23% or 27% on top of salaries, depending on the company's activity and revenues). Employees must contribute 17% of their salaries to the social security system (to be withheld by the employer and subject to certain taxable limits). Income tax is also withheld by the employer when paying employees' salaries (maximum rate 35%, subject to a progressive scale).

    Collective bargaining agreements for certain activities provide payments to be made by the employer and/or the unionized employees to the relevant unions.

  • Pre-hire checks

    Required

    • Pre-hire medical checks are required pursuant to resolutions issued by the Occupational Hazard Superintendence. If an employee does not complete a pre-hire medical check, the employee will be deemed to have begun work in optimal health; therefore, any injuries or diseases which subsequently arise will be deemed to have happened during the employment relationship.
    • Criminal record checks are required for foreign employees to obtain a work visa.

    Permissible

    Where criminal checks are not required for work visa purposes, they are only permissible (and often done in practice) for specific roles (eg, high-level managerial positions). Reference and educational checks are common and permissible, provided applicant consent is previously obtained.

  • Immigration

    Foreigners from non-Mercosur countries must obtain a temporary residence permit that permits them to enter and work in Argentina. Temporary residency is granted for a maximum period of up to 1 year, extendable for periods of equal or shorter terms. After 3 consecutive years as a temporary resident, foreign employees are entitled to apply for permanent residence.

    Citizens of Mercosur countries can apply for temporary Mercosur residence in Argentina without the need to present a work contract to the authorities. Temporary Mercosur residence is granted for 2 years and enables the individual to work and to apply for permanent residence on expiry of the temporary residence.

  • Hiring options

    Employee

    Full-time, part-time, fixed-term, indefinite-term employees or trainees.

    The following factors tend to indicate a labor relationship: availability to work for his/her employer; an employer who directs and subordinates the individual; an employer who instructs the services and duties required and creates the individual's schedule. Courts will also look at the extent to which the worker depends economically on the employer.

    Independent contractor

    Contractors should only be engaged where there is no labor relationship, that is, no direction/subordination or economic dependence.

    Misclassification, that is failure to register an individual as an employee, or submission of an incomplete or defective registration, carries the risk of severe sanctions and fines from the authorities (including amounts owed to social security for unpaid contributions). In addition, steep fines are levied upon statutory severance, including the doubling of the amount of severance owed to a (misclassified) employee.

    Agency worker

    Employers can engage workers through agencies. Agencies must be authorized by the authorities to function as an agency.

    The employer will be jointly and severally liable with the agency for all labor obligations arising from the worker's employment.

  • Employment contracts & policies

    Employment contracts

    There is no general, legal requirement to execute employment contracts in a specific form – meaning that they can be in writing, made orally, etc. unless a specific law or collective convention applies and indicates otherwise. Notwithstanding, employers are advised to enter into a written employment contract.

    Probationary periods

    The maximum permitted duration of a probationary period is 3 months. After the end of the 3 month period, the employee will turn into an indefinite term employee.

    Policies

    The law does not require employers to have specific policies in place. Notwithstanding, there are some policies that are strongly recommended to prevent potential conflict, such as bonus policies.

    Third-party approval

    Third-party approval is not required for employment contracts or any policies.

  • Language requirements

    No statutory language requirements; however, in practice, employment contracts are drafted in Spanish.

  • Minimum employment rights

    Employees entitled to minimum employment rights

    The Employment Contract Law No. 20,744 (LCL) governs the minimum employment rights in Argentina.

    Pursuant to Article 3º of the LCL, the law governs everything related to the validity, rights and obligations of the parties, provided the employment contract is performed in Argentina, even if the contract was entered into abroad.

    The LCL applies to "workers" which covers not only employees working under an employment contract, but also other individuals who personally perform "work" or provide services for the employer.

    For this purpose, "work" should be understood as any legitimate activity that is provided in favor of someone who has the power to direct that work, through the payment of remuneration for those activities and/or services rendered.

    The main factors that will tend to indicate that an individual is an employee rather than a worker or self-employed worker, are:

    • The employee must be available to work for his/her employer
    • The employer will direct and subordinate the employee, appoint the services and duties required and order the employee to comply with a schedule

    Courts will also weigh the extent to which the worker depends economically on the income obtained from the alleged employer.

    Working hours

    The general maximum number of hours is 8 hours per day or 48 hours per week for all employed workers in public or private enterprises. Each extra hour worked above these limits is deemed to be overtime.

    Notwithstanding the foregoing, Article No. 3 of Law No. 11,544, in its subsections a), b) and c) regulates exceptions to the abovementioned maximum limitation on working hours. The limitations do not apply to employees performing duties under the form of a "job team," that is, working in a special coordinating rotation system, nor to employees performing duties in high-level positions (main managers, directors etc.).

    Overtime

    Employees in Argentina are allowed to perform overtime. Overtime will be only compulsory in cases of danger or accidents or imminent force majeure, or by exceptional demands of the national economy or the company (Article No. 203 of the LCL).

    Overtime must be paid with a surcharge of 50%, calculated using the employee's usual salary if the overtime hours were worked during business days, and 100% on Saturday after 1pm, Sunday or holidays. In no event may employees work overtime of more than, 3 hours per day, 30 hours per month or 200 hours per calendar year.

    Wages

    The national minimum wage (NMW) is updated regularly by the National Council of Employment dependent of the Ministry of Production and Labor. The NMW rate as of December 2018 is AR$11,300.

    Most CBAs also provide for a specific minimum wage applicable to employees subject to the CBA.

    Vacation

    Employees with less than 5 years seniority are entitled to 14 calendar days after 6 months of work. This increases to 21 calendar days for employees with between 5 to 10 years of seniority; 28 days for employees with between 10 to 20 years of seniority, and 35 days for employees with more than 20 years of seniority. For employees with less than 6 months of service, employers must grant 1 day of vacation per worked month. Companies should grant vacation to their employees between October 1 to April 30 of the following year.

    Sick leave & pay

    Sick/accident leave of up to 3 months per year must be provided to employees with less than 5 years of seniority, while 6 months must be granted to employees with seniority of 5 years or longer. For employees with "family dependents" (generally understood to be the immediate family that economically depends on the employee’s wage and labor benefits), these periods are doubled, to 6 and 12 months, respectively.

    Maternity/parental leave & pay

    Pregnant employees may take leave of 45 days prior to giving birth and up to 45 days after giving birth. However, the employee may choose to reduce the leave prior to giving birth, but it may not be less than 30 days, and add those days to the maternity leave period after the birth of the child. In the event of premature birth, the period of the leave that has not been enjoyed before the birth will be added to the leave period after the childbirth. Further, the employee is entitled to earn her gross remuneration (without any withholding contributions made to the social security system), during maternity leave. The ANSES (as defined below) pays the remuneration of employees during maternity leave.

    Fathers are entitled to paid leave of 2 consecutive days for the birth of his child. There is no general regulation providing other parental leave after the birth of a child. 

  • Discrimination

    The law prohibits discriminatory acts or omissions based on race, religion, nationality, ideology, political or trade union opinion, sex, economic position, social condition or physical characteristics.

    In addition, Argentina has ratified international antidiscrimination conventions, such as the Convention of Belem do Pará and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

  • Benefits & pensions

    The Social Security National Administration (Administración Nacional de la Seguridad Social, hereinafter ANSES) is the authority in charge of the administration of the social security system in Argentina, called Sistema Integrado de Jubilaciones y Pensiones (SIJP). Employers and employees are required to make contributions to the SIJP which provides for old age pension and disability benefits.

    To qualify for a statefunded pension distribution, male employees must be 65 years old, while female employees must be 60 years old. In both cases, in order to qualify for pension the employee must have contributed to the SIJP for a minimum of 30 years.

    Employers do not have a legal obligation to provide a private pension scheme for employees, as the employees are entitled to state pensions.

  • Data privacy

    The Data Privacy Law No. 24,766 sets limits to the type of personal data that may be collected by prohibiting the collection of sensitive personal data, such as data that is related to political or religious opinions, and regulates the collection, use, processing and transfer of personal data.

    Employers are allowed to monitor employee's work devices, provided the employee is duly notified in advance, and personal information is safeguarded and not disclosed.

  • Rules in transactions/business transfers

    Where there is an asset transfer that qualifies as a business transfer, all obligations arising from the employment contracts that the transferor has executed with its employees will be taken on by the transferee after the transfer. Employment contracts will continue with the transferee and the employees will retain their seniority with the transferor and the rights arising from it. Therefore, on the execution of the transfer, all employees are automatically transferred to the transferee, after their written consent has been obtained.

    Although in practice both internal consultations and collective consultation with trade unions are held before a business transfer takes place, the transferor and the transferee are not required by law to inform or consult employees on a business transfer. However, in order to perform the transfer of staff, the employee’s written consent must be given prior to the transfer. In the absence of this consent, the employee may terminate the employment, with the right to compensation.

    The transferor and the transferee will be jointly and severally liable for any dismissals that arise due to the transfer.

  • Employee representation

    Argentina is a highly unionized country with approximately 3,100 active trade unions with considerable political power. There are unions in nearly all sectors or industries.

    A trade union must be recognized by the Ministry of Production and Labor. Only recognized and authorized unions can enter into a CBA. Employers cannot recognize an unauthorized union voluntarily, not even for collective bargaining purposes.

    The National Constitution sets out collective labor rights in its Article No. 14 (bis), guaranteeing unions the right to collectively bargain and the right to strike.

    CBAs are very common in Argentina. There are different types of CBAs depending on the territory in which they are going to be enforceable. Some CBAs only govern employees within one specific company, whereas other CBAs govern employees performing certain activities in a geographical region or industry.

  • Termination

    Grounds

    Cause is not required for termination of employment; however, it is required to avoid payment of statutory severance. There is no exhaustive and/or exemplary list of behaviors that constitute cause for dismissal; therefore, whether a dismissal is with or without cause will depend on judicial judgment on a case by case basis. 

    Who is subject to termination laws?

    All employees.

    Prohibited or restricted terminations

    Public employees and union delegates cannot be dismissed without cause and without complying with the statutory procedure for these terminations. All other employees can be dismissed with payment of statutory severance, which will differ based on the case (maternity, illness, etc.)

    Pregnant employees are protected from dismissal. If a pregnant employee is dismissed within the period of 7-1/2 months before or after the date of childbirth, the pregnancy will be considered to be the cause of the dismissal, entitling the employee compensation for the discrimination equivalent to their annual salary, in addition to the applicable severance payment.

    Further, if a dismissal occurs 3 months before the marriage of an employee, or 6 months after it, the dismissed employee will be entitled to a special compensation.

    In order to dismiss employees on sick leave, employers must pay a special severance (full severance payment applicable for dismissal without cause, plus the salary which would be payable for the entire period the illness would be expected to last, according to medical opinion).

    Third-party approval for termination/termination documents

    Under Decree No. 1043/18 (effective as of November 14, 2018), employers wishing to dismiss indefinite term employees without cause must notify the Ministry of Production and Labor at least 10 business days before the decision goes into effect. This Decree is effective through March 31, 2019.

    As this decree was issued recently, there is no administrative or judicial case law interpreting the Decree.

    Mass layoff rules

    Prior to a mass dismissal, an employer must provide notice to the respective trade union that regulates the employer's industry. Collective consultation may be required depending on employee headcount.

    Prior to executing or communicating dismissals or suspensions due to force majeure, economic or technological causes that affects more than:

    • 15% of the employees where total headcount is less than 400
    • 10% of the employees where total headcount is between 400 and 1,000 and
    • 5% of the employees where total headcount is greater than 1,000

    Employers must comply with the Preventive Procedure of Companies Crisis (PPC) before the Ministry of Production and Labor. During this procedure, the company will engage in negotiation with the respective union acting on behalf of their members. The aim of this procedure is to avoid business shutdowns or bankruptcy. After the company files the request at the Ministry of Production and Labor, the Ministry will forward the claim within 2 business days of the filing to the other party for its response. After a response is made, a settlement hearing will be scheduled within the next 5 business days. If a settlement is not reached, the Ministry will open a "negotiating period" that must not extend beyond 10 business days. If the parties still do not reach to an agreement within that period, the PPC process will conclude. Notwithstanding this, in practice, this procedure normally takes longer than the law sets out.

    Notice

    In order to proceed with termination, employers must give notice to employees before the dismissal. 

    The term of this notice will depend on the seniority of employees:

    • During their probationary period, notice must be given to employees 15 days before termination
    • In order to dismiss employees who have completed the probationary period but who have less than 5 years of seniority, notice must be given 1 month prior to the dismissal and
    • Employees with more than 5 years' seniority must receive 2 months' notice before their dismissal

    Statutory right to pay in lieu of notice or garden leave

    Employers are permitted to pay in lieu of notice. Current legislation does not regulate nor prohibit garden leave.

    Severance

    An employee who is dismissed without reasonable cause is entitled to statutory severance of 1 month's salary for each year of service, or period longer than 3 months. This amount is calculated using the employee's highest monthly, regular compensation received in the last 12 months of work. This baseline cannot be more than 3 times the "monthly payment," which is the average of all compensation set out in the applicable CBA at the time of the dismissal (this average is periodically published). The Ministry of Production and Labor governs the updating of this average for every authorized trade union.  

    If the employee is not subject to a CBA (typically, senior employees), the limits applicable to the activity in which he/she performs duties will apply. In no case will the amount of the compensation payable be less than 1 month of real salary.

    Currently, in the Vizotti case, the Supreme Court of Justice has raised the basis for calculating compensation subject to a limit, establishing that it will be 67% of the employee's monthly and usual compensation, the amount to be multiplied by the years of service of the employee, based on constitutional reasons and in cases where the application of the legal limit imposes a reduction to the severance payment of more than 33%.

    This severance payment may be reduced or increased in other types of termination (eg, force majeure and lack or reduction of work; death of the employee; employer's bankruptcy; employee's retirement; employee's illness; employee's pregnancy; etc.)

  • Post-termination restraints

    Non-compete, customer non-solicitation and employee non-solicitation clauses are often used, especially when the employer and employee negotiate the terms and conditions of the termination of the employment.

    Restrictive covenants are capable of being enforced post-employment, provided the employee receives compensation for the restrictions. Therefore, consideration is required for valid restrictive covenants. The amount must be fair and in accordance with the salary of the employee, his/her position in the company, the agreements that the company intends to impose and the extent (period and territory) of the restrictive covenant.

    The law does not specifically regulate restrictive covenants. However, most restrictive periods range between 2 years to 5 years. However, under certain circumstances the court has enforced a 10 year post-termination restraint period, based on the business and the amount of consideration paid to the employee.

    Where an employee is in breach of an agreement, the employer can file a claim against the employee in court requesting compensation for damages. The complaint may include injunctive relief to stop the violation immediately. Alternatively, courts may declare the covenant null and void if it has been drafted too widely.

  • Waivers

    Pursuant to the LCL, any executed agreement that suppresses or reduces rights granted by the LCL, labor laws related to specific industries, collective agreements or individual employment contracts, either at the time of their agreement or execution, or the exercise of the rights arising from its termination, shall be null and void.

  • Remedies

    Discrimination

    Compensation is available as a remedy for discrimination or harassment. In case the event of a complaint based on harassment, the employee can file a claim requesting the payment of the statutory severance payment applicable to dismissals without cause and an additional amount for the pain and/or emotional distress caused by the harassment.

    Employers are liable for the acts of their employees. Therefore, the employer and the harasser will be declared jointly and severally liable for the payment of any compensation granted to the victim.

    Unfair dismissal

    Employees may challenge a dismissal without cause within 2 years of the dismissal and seek payment of statutory severance, plus interest and court fees. The complaint must be filed before the labor courts.

    Failure to inform & consult

    Not applicable for terminations as there are no consultation obligations.

  • Criminal sanctions

    Breaches of labor law do not entail a criminal breach or sanction unless such a breach or offense is specifically regulated by the National Criminal Code as a crime. In that case, criminal sanctions will be applied for the breach of criminal law and not for the breach of labor law.

  • Key contacts
    Osvaldo Jofre
    Osvaldo Jofre
    Cordova Francos [email protected]

Key contacts

Argentina

Osvaldo Jofre
Osvaldo Jofre
Cordova Francos [email protected]

Australia

Nicholas Turner
Nicholas Turner
Partner DLA Piper Australia [email protected] T +61 2 9286 8522 View bio

Austria

Stephan Nitzl
Stephan Nitzl
Partner DLA Piper Weiss-Tessbach Rechtsanwälte GmbH [email protected] T +43 1 531 78 1981 View bio

Bahrain

Neil Crossley
Neil Crossley
Partner DLA Piper Middle East LLP [email protected] T +971 4 438 6345 View bio

Belgium

Eddy Lievens
Eddy Lievens
Partner DLA Piper UK LLP [email protected] T +32 (0) 2 500 1502 View bio

Brazil

Mauricio Tanabe
Mauricio Tanabe
Campos Mello Advogados [email protected]

Canada

Richard J. Nixon
Richard J. Nixon
Partner DLA Piper (Canada) LLP [email protected]iper.com T +1 416 365 3521 View bio
Allen Soltan
Allen Soltan
Partner DLA Piper (Canada) LLP [email protected] T +1 604 643 2970 View bio

Chile

Luis Parada
Luis Parada
Partner DLA Piper BAZ NLD [email protected] T +56 2 2798 2606 View bio

China

Johnny Choi
Johnny Choi
Partner DLA Piper UK LLP [email protected] T +86 10 8520 0709 View bio

Colombia

Diana Zuleta Martínez
Diana Zuleta Martínez
DLA Piper Martinez Beltran [email protected]

Czech Republic

Jakub Adam
Jakub Adam
Partner DLA Piper Prague LLP [email protected] T +420 222 817 400 View bio

Denmark

Nina Wedsted
Nina Wedsted
Partner DLA Piper Denmark Law Firm P/S [email protected] T +45 3334 0050 View bio

Finland

Antti Rajamaiki
Antti Rajamaiki
Partner DLA Piper Finland Attorneys Ltd. [email protected] T +358 9 4176 0409 View bio

France

Philippe Danesi
Philippe Danesi
Partner DLA Piper France LLP [email protected] T +33 (0)1 40 15 24 23 View bio

Germany

Dr. Kai Bodenstedt LL.M.
Dr. Kai Bodenstedt LL.M.
Partner DLA Piper UK LLP [email protected] T +49 40 188 88 158 View bio

Hong Kong

Helen Colquhoun
Helen Colquhoun
Partner DLA Piper Hong Kong [email protected] T +85221030840 View bio

Hungary

Helga Fehér
Helga Fehér
Partner DLA Piper Posztl, Nemescsói, Györfi-Tóth & Partners Law firm [email protected] T +36 1 510 1100 View bio

India

Nohid Nooreyezdan
Nohid Nooreyezdan
AZB & Partners [email protected]

Indonesia

Richard Cornwallis
Richard Cornwallis
Makarim & Taira [email protected]

Ireland

Ciara McLoughlin
Ciara McLoughlin
Partner DLA Piper Ireland [email protected] View bio

Israel

Benjamin Sandler
Benjamin Sandler
Partner Yigal Arnon & Co [email protected] T +972 2 623 9200 View bio

Italy

Giampiero Falasca
Giampiero Falasca
Partner DLA Piper Studio Legale Tributario Associato [email protected] T +39 06 68 880 1 View bio
Fabrizio Morelli
Fabrizio Morelli
Partner DLA Piper Studio Legale Tributario Associato [email protected] T +39 06 68 880 1 View bio

Japan

Lawrence Carter
Lawrence Carter
Partner DLA Piper Tokyo Partnership [email protected] T +81 3 4550 2811 View bio

Kenya

William Maema
William Maema
Senior Partner IKM Advocates [email protected]

Kuwait

Neil Crossley
Neil Crossley
Partner DLA Piper Middle East LLP [email protected] T +971 4 438 6345 View bio

Luxembourg

Anne Morel
Anne Morel
Bonn Steichen & Partners [email protected]

Malaysia

Marcus van Geyzel
Marcus van Geyzel
Peter Ling & van Geyzel [email protected]

Mexico

María Eugenia Ríos Espinosa
María Eugenia Ríos Espinosa
Partner DLA Piper Mexico, S.C. [email protected] T +52 55 5261 1805 View bio

Morocco

Mehdi Kettani
Mehdi Kettani
Partner DLA Piper Casablanca S.A.R.L. [email protected] T +212 (0)520 42 78 30 View bio

Mozambique

Eduardo Calú
Eduardo Calú
SAL and Caldeira Advogados [email protected]

Myanmar

Netherlands

Hélène Bogaard
Hélène Bogaard
Partner DLA Piper Nederland N.V. [email protected] T +31 (0)20 5419 841 View bio

New Zealand

John Hannan
John Hannan
Partner DLA Piper New Zealand [email protected] T +64 9 300 3843 View bio
Laura Scampion
Laura Scampion
Partner DLA Piper New Zealand [email protected] T +64 9 916 3779 View bio

Nigeria

Samuel Salako
Samuel Salako
Olajide Oyewole [email protected]

Norway

Per Benonisen
Per Benonisen
Partner Advokatfirma DLA Piper Norway DA [email protected] T +47 24 13 15 00 View bio

Oman

Neil Crossley
Neil Crossley
Partner DLA Piper Middle East LLP [email protected] T +971 4 438 6345 View bio

Philippines

Joseph Omar A Castillo
Joseph Omar A Castillo
PJS Law

Poland

Agnieszka Lechman-Filipiak
Agnieszka Lechman-Filipiak
Partner DLA Piper Giziński Kycia sp.k. [email protected] T +48 22 540 74 61 View bio

Portugal

Benjamim Mendes
Benjamim Mendes
Partner DLA Piper ABBC [email protected] T +351 21 358 36 20 View bio

Qatar

Neil Crossley
Neil Crossley
Partner DLA Piper Middle East LLP [email protected] T +971 4 438 6345 View bio

Romania

Monica Georgiadis
Monica Georgiadis
Partner DLA Piper Dinu SCA [email protected] T +40 372 155 812 View bio

Russia

Vladislav Mazur
Vladislav Mazur
Legal Director DLA Piper Rus Limited [email protected] T +7 (495) 221 4431 View bio

Saudi Arabia

Neil Crossley
Neil Crossley
Partner DLA Piper Middle East LLP [email protected] T +971 4 438 6345 View bio

Singapore

Ian Lim
Ian Lim
TSMP Law Corporation [email protected]

Slovak Republic

Michaela Stessl
Michaela Stessl
Partner DLA Piper Weiss-Tessbach Rechtsanwälte GmbH, organizačná zložka [email protected] T +421 2 5920 2122 View bio

South Africa

Monique Jefferson
Monique Jefferson
Director DLA Piper South Africa Services (Pty) Ltd [email protected] T +27 64 880 8523 View bio

South Korea

Hoin Lee
Hoin Lee
Kim & Chang [email protected]

Spain

Pilar Menor
Pilar Menor
Partner DLA Piper Spain S.L.U. [email protected] T +34 91 319 12 12 View bio

Sweden

Johan Sundberg
Johan Sundberg
DLA Nordic [email protected]

Switzerland

Vincent Carron
Vincent Carron
Schellenberg Wittmer [email protected]

Taiwan

John Eastwood
John Eastwood
Eiger Law [email protected]

Thailand

Pattama Jarupunphol
Pattama Jarupunphol
Senior Associate DLA Piper (Thailand) Limited [email protected] T +662 686 8574 View bio
Sarita Prukaroon
Sarita Prukaroon
Associate DLA Piper (Thailand) Limited [email protected] T +662 686 8554

Turkey

Maral Minasyan
Maral Minasyan
Kolcuoğlu Demirkan Koçaklı [email protected]

Uganda

Moses Segawa
Moses Segawa
Sebalu and Lule [email protected]

Ukraine

Margarita Karpenko
Margarita Karpenko
Managing Partner DLA Piper Ukraine LLC [email protected] T +380 44 490 95 65 View bio

United Arab Emirates

Neil Crossley
Neil Crossley
Partner DLA Piper Middle East LLP [email protected] T +971 4 438 6345 View bio

United Kingdom

Adam Hartley
Adam Hartley
Partner DLA Piper UK LLP [email protected] T +44 (0)20 7796 6326 View bio

United States

Brian Kaplan
Brian Kaplan
Partner DLA Piper LLP (US) [email protected] T +1 212 335 4515 View bio
Ute Krudewagen
Ute Krudewagen
Partner DLA Piper LLP (US) [email protected] T +1 650 833 2245 View bio
Dean Fealk
Dean Fealk
Partner DLA Piper LLP (US) [email protected] T +1 415 836 2521 View bio
Joseph Guarino
Joseph Guarino
Partner DLA Piper LLP (US) [email protected] T +1 973 520 2569 View bio
Jamie Konn
Jamie Konn
Partner DLA Piper LLP (US) [email protected] T +1 404 736 7849 View bio

Venezuela

Angel Melendez Cardoza
Angel Melendez Cardoza
DLA InterJuris Abogados [email protected]

Vietnam